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Laureates Announced 2016

The 2016 Dan David Prize Laureates in the Three Time Dimensions are:

Past Time Dimension – Social History – New Directions

Prof. Inga Clendinnen is an outstanding historian focusing on social history and the history of cultural encounters in the early modern period. Her innovative work has a transnational perspective and examines populations in situations of extreme violence. Prof. Clendinnen’s studies on the oppression of the Maya, on the Aztecs and on the Holocaust, have used the craft of the anthropologist to describe violence’s cultural origin, conduct and consequences.

Prof. Arlette Farge  has expanded the meaning of social history and changed it. She engaged in women’s history, urban history, and the history of crime and its policing and control, as well as the history of literacy. Focusing on the margins of society, such as the poor, small artisans, women and children and petty criminals, not only as social groups, but also as individuals,she redefined the craft of social historians and their uses of their sources and archives.

Prof. Catherine Hall has had a signal impact on social history in two fields: gender history and the history of empires. Prof. Hall, who was actively involved inthe women’s liberation movement in the 1970s, is one of the pioneers of gender history. She redefined the relationship between gender and family, and the manner in which gendered identities shaped ethnicity, religion and class. Her studies of slavery and abolition have pointed at the depth and scope of the legacies of slavery in societies across the globe.

 

Present Time Dimension – Combatting Poverty

Prof. Sir Anthony Atkinson is a world leading scholar on poverty and equality, concerned with issues of social justice and the design of public policy.  His work has focused on rich countries and he has been deeply involved in policy discussion in both Britain and Europe.

 Prof. François Bourguignon is a world leading scholar on poverty and equality. His work is global, analyzing poverty and equality within rich and poor countries. He has consistently argued for a better understanding and study of equality and for combining growth, equality and poverty into a single thread.

Prof. James Heckman, in his work on early childhood development, promotes the importance of early childhood education, nurture and wellbeing. His findings fundamentally refocus policy attention, claim wide generality and will influence the discussion of global poverty worldwide. 

 

Future Time Dimension - Nanoscience

Prof. Paul Alivisatos is considered one of the founders of nanoscience. He pioneered the development of the fundamental building blocks of nanotechnology. Alivisatos and his team first synthesized semiconductor nanocrystals for use as fluorescent probes. His biological quantum dots enabled color-coded identification of multiple cell structures for many biomedical applications.

Prof. Chad Mirkin is a highly recognized chemist who pioneered the development of methods for controlling the architecture of nanomolecules and nanomaterials and utilizing such structures in the development of analytical tools that can be used in areas of chemical and biological sensing, lithography and optics. These innovations have changed our fundamental thinking about how to synthesize and manipulate nano structures, and have resulted in processes and devices that have significantly impacted human lives.

Prof. Sir John Pendry has brought about a most significant advance in electromagnetism through his concept and designs of a new class of materials, metamaterials, which have led to the manufacturing of lenses that beat the diffraction limit, and cloaks to render objects invisible. He made an equally remarkable contribution by his discovery of the ‘perfect lens’ whose resolution is limited only by perfection of manufacture and not by the wavelength.