Preventive medicine focuses on the promotion and maintenance of good health and well-being, with the goal of preventing disease and disability in individuals, communities and specific populations.
Activities within the domain of preventive medicine include identification of disease initiators, epidemiology, environmental and occupational medicine, evaluation of health services and management of health care organizations, and targeting public health policies. Extensive research in identifying genetic and environmental risk factors for disease is a major endeavor in this field.
Advances in preventive medicine depend on defining guidelines for suitable diets and life styles, advanced diagnostic technologies and early detection of disease, development of vaccines against infectious agents and some cancers as well as on understanding stem cell biology.
The 2013 Dan David Prize for the Future Time Dimension will be awarded to an individual(s) who has pioneered groundbreaking advances in the field of preventive medicine.