Selected Fields 2014

Future - Artificial Intelligence, The Digital Mind

future14The hypothesis that human intelligence can be simulated by a machine has existed for a long time. John McCarthy (1927 –2011) a computer scientist and cognitive scientist coined the term Artificial Intelligence (AI) in 1955, which was defined by him as: "the science and engineering of making intelligent machines". In today’s nomenclature AI can be described as the study and design of intelligent agents that perceive the environment and perform actions that maximize chances of success.

AI research is highly specialized and divided into subfields. Different aspects of the field include: Human-Computer Interface automated reasoning and inference, case-based reasoning, commonsense reasoning, high-level computer vision, intelligent interfaces, intelligent robotics, machine learning, natural language processing, planning and theories of action, Reasoning under Uncertainty etc.

AI has been applied in a wide range of fields. However, many AI applications have not been perceived as AI. As of the late 1990’s, thousands of AI applications have been deeply embedded in the infrastructure of every industry but the field has not always been credited for these successes. Among others AI is applied in the finance industry, medicine, telecommunications, toys and games and aviation to name but a few.

The 2014 Dan David Prize for the Future Time Dimension in the field of Artificial Intelligence will be awarded to an outstanding individual who has made a ground breaking, significant contribution to any major aspect of Artificial Intelligence and continues to advance this field.