Selected Fields 2018

FUTURE - Personalized Medicine


Personalized Medicine


Personalized medicine is the tailoring of medical treatment to the individual characteristics of each patient. This concept is not new and dates back to Hippocrates who stated that "it is far more important to know what person the disease has than what disease the person has" and is best exemplified by life-saving blood transfusions based on typing and compatibility testing initiated as early as 1907.  Indeed the standard practice in various fields of medicine has always been about treating each patient individually knowing that different patients respond differently to medical interventions.

Personalized medicine is now reaching center stage and revolutionizing the way people are being diagnosed and treated. Recent groundbreaking developments in science and technology now create new opportunities for the development of targeted therapies, including rationally designed drugs, immunotherapies, stem cells and regenerative approaches, gene therapy as well as patient-tailored devices and prostheses. Such targeted therapies are complemented by diagnostics for the prediction of both beneficial response and adverse side effects.

Personalized medicine is replacing the current practice of medicine where "one-dose-fits all" and trial and error dominate therapeutic decisions.

The 2018 Dan David Prize for the Future Time Dimension will be awarded to an outstanding individual or organization who has made pioneering and ground-breaking discoveries in the field of personalized medicine.