A historian by training, she specializes in the modern history of Greece and the broader Mediterranean context. Her scholarship focuses on religious minorities and the formation of national identity in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. She is currently co-Principal Investigator on a major oral history project in Greece, supported by the Stavros Niarchos Foundation.
Fleming has served NYU’s Faculty of Arts & Science as Associate Director, Director of the Remarque Institute, Director of the Center for Mediterranean & European Studies, and as Director of the A.S. Onassis Program for Hellenic Studies.
She currently sits on the Administrative Board of the Chancellerie des Universités de Paris.
In Greece, Fleming served as President of the Board of the University of Piraeus (2012-2016), and holds honorary doctorates from the University of Macedonia and Ionian University. She was awarded Honorary Greek Citizenship by the Hellenic Republic in 2015.