Prof. Buck is best known for her groundbreaking research on the study of the molecular mechanisms and neural circuits that underlie the sense of smell and instinctive odor responses. She, along with co-recipient Richard Axel, was awarded the 2004 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, for their work on olfactory receptors.
Prof. Buck received her B.S. in psychology and microbiology in 1975 from the University of Washington, Seattle, and her Ph. D. in immunology in 1980 from the University of Texas, Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas.
She has since been praised with the most esteemed distinctions in science for her landmark contributions to human biology. She was inducted into the National Academy of Sciences in 2003 and has been a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science since 2008. Among her numerous achievements, Prof. Buck was both awarded an honorary doctorate by Harvard University and elected as a Foreign Member of the Royal Society.